Recognising the Marine Heritage of Scapa Flow
Earlier this year, we were involved with a joint project to survey the German High Seas Fleet in Scapa Flow, Orkney. Historic Environment Scotland is now reviewing the protection of these wrecks of as they are scheduled monuments, and they would like to explore if that continues to be the best way of recognising and protecting this hugely important part of our wartime heritage.
Orkney has one of the most outstanding collections of First World War and Second World War remains, both above ground and under water.
The array of underwater archaeological remains includes wrecks from the scuttling of the German High Seas Fleet in June 1919, two major naval disasters with significant loss of life (the loss of the HMS Vanguard in 1917, and HMS Royal Oak in 1939), and the supply and defence of the Royal Navy anchorage using block ships, barriers, and networks of mobile boom defences.
A major resource for salvage from 1919 to the 1970s, nowadays the wrecks of the German High Seas Fleet are a significant heritage asset, attracting visitors from all over the world and contributing to the economy of Orkney.
Recent survey work by ourselves and our partners on Orkney has shed new light on how much survives underwater. Our research shows that the condition of the wrecks is deteriorating and these important remains will not last forever.
Andrew Fulton, Senior Designations Officer, explains more about the review, “We’d like to talk to everyone who has an interest in Scapa Flow to hear their views about its marine heritage. Scapa Flow is an important harbour and is used by many different communities and we’d like to know more about this too.
“We’ll be in Orkney during the first week of December and I’d really like to talk to as many people with an involvement in Scapa Flow as possible. The feedback we get will help inform how the current protection of the German High Seas Fleet wrecks is working and whether any changes need to be made.
“I’m also looking for views on whether any of the other wartime underwater sites within Scapa Flow merit designation and if, so, what would be the best mechanism to achieve this.”
There are a variety of ways which the public can offer their views. We have an online survey which is open to everyone and can be accessed on our website at historicenvironment.scot/scapa-flow-survey. Andrew will be holding drop-in sessions at three locations in Hoy, Kirkwall and Stromness between 4 and 7 December 2017. Everyone with an interest in Scapa Flow is encouraged to come along and share their views. More details about the drop-in sessions will be available on our website historicenvironment.scot/scapaflow.
Monday 4th December – YM Hall, Longhope, Hoy 3:30pm-7:30pm
Tuesday 5th Decmber – Pickaquoy Centre, Kirkwall 4:00pm-8:00pm
Wednesday 6th December – John Rae Room, Old Warehouse Building, Orkney Council, Stromness. 5:00pm -8:00pm
Thursday 7th December – John Rae Room, Old Warehouse Building, Orkney Council, Stromness. 5:00pm-8:00pm
Notes for editors:
- Seven wrecks from the German High Seas Fleet were designated as scheduled monuments in 2001. The scheduling means that visitors can dive on the wrecks on a look but don’t touch basis so long as no damage occurs or objects are removed. Scheduled monument consent from Historic Environment Scotland is required for works to a scheduled monument.
- The wrecks of the HMS Royal Oak and HMS Vanguard are designated as controlled sites under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986. The responsible authority is the Ministry of Defence. Although a hugely important part of the story of Scapa Flow, their status does not form part of this review.
About Historic Environment Scotland
- Historic Environment Scotland (HES) is the lead public body charged with caring for, protecting and promoting the historic environment. HES is also the lead on delivering Scotland’s first strategy for the historic environment, Our Place in Time.
- Historic Scotland is a sub brand of Scotland’s new public heritage body, Historic Environment Scotland
- Historic Environment Scotland is a registered Scottish Charity. Scottish Charity No. SC045925
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- 2017 Year of History, Heritage and Archaeology
Running from 1 January to 31 December, the 2017 Year of History, Heritage and Archaeology is a celebration of Scotland’s people, our distinct culture and traditions, our historic landscapes, attractions, icons, as well as our hidden gems and amazing stories.
From World Heritage Sites to ancient monuments, listed buildings to historic battlefields, cultural traditions to our myths, stories and legends, 2017 is the year to explore Scotland’s fascinating past. Discover how this past has shaped the thriving Scotland we know today and its future, with its proud and welcoming spirit.
Enjoy the splendour of some of Scotland’s most famous and dramatic castles, visit your clan’s homeland, experience the breathtaking sounds of a hundred pipers skirling or stare in wonder at the ever-changing natural landscapes that have played a key part in Scotland’s history.
Discover tales of legendary kings and queens, Jacobite battles, stories handed down from one generation to the next, all set against Scotland’s unique panoramic landscapes and enriching culture.
From the Scottish Borders to Orkney, and from Fife to the Isle of Skye – every area of Scotland has its own story to share. Relive Scotland’s past to the present day through a range of exciting events, attractions and activities during 2017 and come make history with us!
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